Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body. Other terms used are malignant tumors and neoplasms. One defining feature of cancer is the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and which can then invade adjoining parts of the body and spread to other organs, the latter process is referred to as metastasizing. Metastases are a major cause of death from cancer.
Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with approximately 14 million new cases.
The number of new cases is expected to rise by about 70% over the next 2 decades.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and was responsible for 8.8 million deaths in 2015. Globally, nearly 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer.
Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Tobacco use is the most important risk factor for cancer and is responsible for approximately 22% of cancer deaths.
Cancer causing infections, such as hepatitis and human papilloma virus (HPV), are responsible for up to 25% of cancer cases in low- and middle-income countries.
Cancer is an increasing problem in Africa because of aging and growth of the population as well as increased prevalence of risk factors associated with economic transition (including smoking, alcohol, obesity, physical inactivity, and reproductive behaviors), and of certain infectious agents of importance in cancer etiology.
According to United Nations population estimates, the population of Africa between 2010 and 2030 is projected to increase by 60% overall (from 1.03 billion to 1.63 billion) and by 90% for those 60 and older (from 55 million to 103 million), the age at which cancer most frequently occurs.
In 2012, the population of Nigeria was 166.6 m, newly diagnosed cases of cancer were 102,000 and people that died from cancer were 71,600. This means there should be more awareness on “CANCER DIAGNOSIS”
Noting this “LEFAS is committed to contributing its own quota and taking measures in tackling cancer in the society”
The prevalent cancers
- Breast cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Liver cancer
- Colorectal cancer